The LMDC released
drafts of a mission statement and program guidelines
January 8, 2003
released drafts of a mission statement and program guidelines
for the creation of a memorial at the World Trade Center site
that would remember and honor those who lost their lives on
September 11. Committees comprised of family members, residents,
survivors, emergency workers, arts and architecture professionals,
and community leaders drafted the statement and guidelines.
This began the public commentary period, which included a public
meeting at Pace University. Once finalized, the guidelines were
incorporated into an international memorial competition.
The LMDC selects
Studio Daniel Libeskind and the THINK team as finalists
February 4, 2003
announced its selection of Studio Daniel Libeskind and the THINK
team as finalists in the competition to select a master plan
for the World Trade Center site. The two finalists were selected
after unanimous agreement was reached at a four-hour session
that included representatives of the LMDC, Port Authority, and
New York City and State. Both plans provide connectivity to
the urban fabric of Lower Manhattan, ensure an appropriate context
for a memorial, and include structures that would become the
largest buildings in the world.
February 10, 2003
Pataki and Mayor Bloomberg unveiled a multi-billion-dollar transit
plan, outlining the creation of a Lower Manhattan transportation
infrastructure which would link all of the area's subway lines
and PATH into a seamless transit network. The plan also included
a World Trade Center transportation hub and the new Fulton Street
Transit Center, slated to move forward as soon as 2004.
February 27, 2003
Lower Manhattan Development Corporation announced the selection
of Studio Daniel Libeskind as the team to redesign the World
Trade Center. The design scheme -- the work of Polish-born American
architect Daniel Libeskind -- preserves, in part, the existing
slurry wall of the World Trade Center foundation, creates a
multi-faceted setting for a memorial, includes transportation
and cultural centers, and has a 1,776-foot spire-topped -- taller
than any other building in the world.
March 13, 2003
agreed on a final mission statement and program for the design
of a memorial, to be built on the WTC site honoring those killed
there on 9/11, as well as the victims of the 9/11 attacks in
Virginia and Pennsylvania and the World Trade Center bombing
in February 1993.
March 21, 2003
and Port Authority announced they will jointly retain Studio
Daniel Libeskind as the master design architect for the WTC
site. Libeskind would be involved in all aspects of planning,
with the LMDC taking the lead on the memorial process and the
Port Authority assuming primary responsibility for planning
on-site transportation facilities and infrastructure.
March 26, 2003
York City Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) completed
work removing the dust and debris that accumulated on the roofs,
windows, and facades of downtown buildings following the World
Trade Center collapse. At the project's close, DEP crews had
cleaned the exteriors of 221 buildings, totaling more than 3.6
million square feet.
April 8, 2003
outlined the memorial competition details. The competition would
be open to anyone 18 or older, with no restrictions on nationality
or requirement of any particular professional credential. The
LMDC conducted an extensive, international outreach campaign
to generate interest in the contest. A $25 entry fee per submission
would go toward the construction of the memorial.
April 10, 2003
approved a 13-member jury, including professionals from the
world of art, architecture, academia, and government as well
as a victim’s family member, to select the design of a
memorial to be built at the World Trade Center site. A series
of public forums were held throughout April and May to allow
the jury to hear public comments concerning the selection of
the final memorial plan.
April 25, 2003
Pataki outlined an ambitious and specific timetable for the
revitalization of Lower Manhattan, a plan consistent with the
one the mayor presented in December 2002.
Pataki's schedule, which touched on a wide range of plans, programs,
and construction downtown, began with the memorial competition,
set a September 11, 2006 deadline for completion of the 1,776-foot
tower that is the structural center-piece of the World Trade
center site, and would end with the opening of a rail link to
Kennedy International Airport in 2013.
||April 28, 2003
competition to design the memorial that will become the centerpiece
of the rebuilt World Trade Center site was formally launched.
April 30, 2003
reacted favorably at a public hearing sponsored by the MTA to
discuss the proposed redevelopment of the Fulton Street Transit
saw the opening of new and returning businesses, including the
Greenmarket, the Millenium Hotel, a new Equinox gym in Tribeca,
Borders Books, and many new restaurants and retail outlets.
May 27, 2003
The LMDC allocated
$25 million to rehabilitate and create parks and green spaces
downtown. The project was designed to include a variety of improvements,
from public plazas and sitting areas to playgrounds and ballfields.
Thirteen locations were slated for rehabilitation and included
East River spaces (Coenties Slip, Old Slip, and Wall Street
Triangle), neighborhood parks (Al Smith Playground, Brooklyn
Bridge/Drumgoole Plaza, Tribeca Park, and Washington Market
Park), and parks serving as gateways to downtown communities
(the Bosque in Battery Park, Bowling Green, and a new park between
Canal, Varick, and Laight Streets).
May 28, 2003
for the World Trade Center memorial competition closed, with
13,683 expressions of interest, the largest ever response to
a design competition. The successful international outreach
program by the LMDC drew entries from more than 90 countries.
4,600 registrants were residents of New York State.
June 12, 2003
announced it would convene a series of targeted workshops in
six downtown neighborhoods to gather public input on how to
spend the money in remaining redevelopment funds targeted for
the area below Houston Street. State and city officials had
already considered a variety of possible uses for the money,
including projects to create and improve transportation, housing,
culture, and open space.
June 17, 2003
was named president of the LMDC after serving as interim president
since March 4.
June 30, 2003
By the final
day of the memorial competition, 5,201 designs were submitted.
The jury began to review the anonymous submissions and select
August 7, 2003
A team led by the Spanish architect
Santiago Calatrava was selected by the Port Authority of New
York and New Jersey to design the downtown transportation hub
planned for Ground Zero. Calatrava had drawn widespread acclaim
for a number of transportation structures in Europe, including
rail and subway stations in Lisbon, Portugal, and Valencia,
August 22, 2003
Gov. George Pataki attended
a ceremonial groundbreaking for a pedestrian bridge spanning
West Street at Vesey Street. The bridge, slated for completion
in time for the scheduled November 2003 reopening of a temporary
PATH station at the World Trade Center, would accommodate a
dramatic increase in pedestrian traffic (about 6,000 people
during the morning rush) between the WTC site and the World
September 17, 2003
The Lower Manhattan Development
Corporation unveiled a revised master plan for the World Trade
Center site that made some important real-world adjustments
while very much preserving Libeskind’s existing design,
both in spirit and on the ground.
November 19, 2003
The Lower Manhattan Development
Corporation announced the selection of eight finalist in the
World Trade Center Memorial Competition.
November 23, 2003
A temporary PATH station
opened at the World Trade Center Site which gave an estimated
50,000 riders an easier commute to Lower Manhattan.
November 26, 2003
City and state officials
announced a plan to revitalize Lower Manhattan's Financial District,
calling for streetscape changes in the several blocks surrounding
the New York Stock Exchange. Intended alterations, to be carried
out in three phases, would make the area more attractive and
easier to navigate without compromising the increased security
measures put in place after 9/11. Some changes, including repaved
streets, new security barriers and planters, were already underway.
December 19, 2002
City and state officials
unveiled a plan for the Freedom Tower, the ambitious structure
to be built at the World Trade Center site. Designed by collaborating
architects David Childs and Daniel Libeskind, when completed,
the building will stand as the tallest in the world and make
use of environmentally sensitive technology.